This plan is operational with implementation and on-going planning through the Department for Energy Development and Independence. Since it is a challenge for the 21st century to pragmatically adopt inherently cleaner, newer energy sources, as well as innovative uses of traditional energy sources, this plan is designed to be a ‘living’ document that serves as a means for the state including the general public, public officials, educators, businesses and industries at all levels. In addition, it is an evolutionary plan that is not intended to be exhaustive at the outset. Further, the plan includes a Renewable and Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS) whereby 25% of Kentucky’s energy needs are met by 2025. It also displaces 60% of its reliance on foreign petroleum by utilizing fuels such as those derived from biomass and coal, plug-in hybrid vehicles, and compressed natural gas (CNG). Lastly, by 2025, it aims to have 50% of coal-based energy facilities equipped with carbon management technologies.