In partnership with the Energy Futures Initiative and BW Research Partnership, NASEO is a lead sponsor of the U.S. Energy and Employment Report.

The U.S. Energy and Employment Report supplements federal Bureau of Labor Statistics employment data to provide a more complete picture of energy employment trends and projects across all energy production and distribution sectors, as well as key end-use and production technologies (petroleum, natural gas, electricity, coal, and energy efficiency, among others).

Key findings from the 2019 U.S. Energy and Employment Report include:

  • The U.S. energy market accounts for millions of jobs. 6.7 million Americans work in the energy sector overall, including electric power generation and fuels; transmission distribution, and storage; energy efficiency; and motor vehicles. This represents 4.6% of the American workforce and an increase of 151,700 jobs (or 2.3%) over 2017. Jobs in energy accounted for nearly 7% of all new jobs nationwide.
  • Energy efficiency is an engine for economic development, and is experiencing rapid growth. Energy efficiency employed 2.35 million Americans, in whole or in part, in the design, installation, and manufacture of Energy Efficiency products and services, adding 76,000 net jobs in 2018 (3.4%), an increase over the 67,000 jobs added in 2017.
  • Natural gas electric generation jobs continue to grow. In 2018, the natural gas industry added over 5,000 new jobs, as natural gas continues its status as the number one fuel for electricity generation in the country.
  • Hiring difficulty and an ever-present reality in the energy industry. Over 75% of employers report difficulty recruiting qualified workers, most often attributed to lack of experience, training, or technical skills.
  • The energy industry faces workplace diversity challenges. Women and people of color are underrepresented across energy industry segments relative to the U.S. economy as a whole, highlighting the need for placement, training, and Human Resources programs that place an emphasis on diversity and access.

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