As new technologies, including for power generation, transmission and distribution, energy storage, transportation, manufacturing, and buildings, are arising, so does the need for minerals and elements essential to their production. The energy transition will be a commodities transition too. Many State Energy Offices and state economic development, environmental, and natural resource agencies are considering how energy-related critical mineral and material production, processing, and recycling may offer economic opportunities, but are also working on addressing challenges of developing mines and processing facilities, along with siting, environmental, and social impact concerns. It is becoming increasingly important—and time sensitive—for states and their private-sector partners to elevate the importance of supply chain vulnerabilities and risks that may affect the availability and cost of materials needed for producing and using clean energy technologies on which states may rely to meet their environmental, economic, and other objectives.